Though written off a long time ago, fountain pens are used for important works such as signing valuable documents.  During the 1940’s and 1950’s, thet retained their dominance, although they frequently leaked and stained your shirt pocket.  Early ball point pens were expensive and had irregular ink flow while the fountain pen continued to benefit from a combination of mass production and craftsmanship.  By the 1960’s, refinements in the ball point pen production gradually ensured dominance over the fountain pen for casual use.  Fountain pens are still common in use in European and Asian Countries today.  They are still widely used by students in private schools in England.